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Pictures Report

RTS2JGMZ
Trump's Middle East peace plan explained
More than two years after President Donald Trump first proposed a plan to revive the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, its first phase will be formally unveiled on Tuesday at an economic workshop in Bahrain. The White House's economic prospectus makes no mention of Palestinian statehood. And little has so far been revealed about the later political stage of the plan, which will have to address this and other issues that have defied decades of efforts by previous peacemakers.
USA-TRUMP/ISRAEL
RTX376XD
May 23, 2017
More than two years after U.S. President Donald Trump first proposed a plan to revive the Israeli-Palestinian...
Jerusalem, Israel
U.S. President Donald Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu shake hands after Trump's address...
More than two years after U.S. President Donald Trump first proposed a plan to revive the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, its first phase will be formally unveiled on Tuesday at an economic workshop in Bahrain.

The 'Peace to Prosperity' economic summit to encourage investment in the Palestinian Territories was billed as the first part of the White House's broader political plan to end the conflict.

Pictured: U.S. President Donald Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu shake hands after Trump's address at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem May 23, 2017. REUTERS/Ronen Zvulun
ISRAEL-PALESTINIANS/PLAN
RTS2J7OH
June 22, 2019
Trump's son-in-law Jared Kushner, the plan's main architect, gave Reuters an exclusive preview of the...
Washington, UNITED STATES
Jared Kushner speaks during an interview with Reuters
Trump's son-in-law Jared Kushner, the plan's main architect, gave Reuters an exclusive preview of the economic proposals on Saturday.

But the White House's economic prospectus makes no mention of Palestinian statehood. And little has so far been revealed about the later political stage of the plan, which will have to address this and other issues that have defied decades of efforts by previous peacemakers.

REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque
RELIGION-RAMADAN/JERUSALEM
RTS1T7AS
May 25, 2018
These issues include: The status of Jerusalem -- which includes sites sacred to Judaism, Islam and Christianity.

REUTERS/Ammar...
Jerusalem, Israel
The Dome of the Rock is seen in the background as a Palestinian woman prays on the second Friday of the...
These issues include: The status of Jerusalem -- which includes sites sacred to Judaism, Islam and Christianity.

REUTERS/Ammar Awad
MIDEAST-GAZA/
RTR410UR
August 02, 2014
Establishing mutually agreed borders.

Pictured: Israelis watch military activity towards Gaza, August...
Sderot, Israel
Israelis watch the latest military activity towards Gaza
Establishing mutually agreed borders.

Pictured: Israelis watch military activity towards Gaza, August 2, 2014. REUTERS/Siegfried Modola
PALESTINIANS-DAILYLIFE/
RTS2G0J4
April 02, 2019
Addressing Palestinians demands for statehood, and an end to Israel's decades-old occupation of the Palestinian...
Gaza, Palestinian Territories
Palestinians walk on concrete blocks at the seaport of Gaza City
Addressing Palestinians demands for statehood, and an end to Israel's decades-old occupation of the Palestinian Territories.

Pictured: Palestinians walk on concrete blocks at the seaport of Gaza City April 2, 2019. REUTERS/Mohammed Salem
ISRAEL-PALESTINIANS/
RTX6UF71
May 05, 2019
Finding security arrangements to satisfy Israel's fears of attacks by Palestinians and hostile neighbors.

Pictured:...
Ashkelon, Israel
An Israeli takes cover as a siren sounds warning of incoming rockets from Gaza, during cross-border hostilities,...
Finding security arrangements to satisfy Israel's fears of attacks by Palestinians and hostile neighbors.

Pictured: An Israeli takes cover as a siren sounds warning of incoming rockets from Gaza, during cross-border hostilities, in the southern Israeli city of Ashkelon May 5, 2019. REUTERS/Amir Cohen
RELIGION-RAMADAN/JORDAN
RTX66QR2
May 29, 2018
Finding a solution to the plight of millions of Palestinian refugees.

Pictured: Palestinian refugee...
Amman, Jordan
Palestinian refugee children play in street during the holy month of Ramadan, in Al-Baqaa Palestinian...
Finding a solution to the plight of millions of Palestinian refugees.

Pictured: Palestinian refugee children play in street in Al-Baqaa Palestinian refugee camp, near Amman, Jordan, May 29, 2018. Reuters/Muhammad Hamed
ISRAEL-PALESTINIANS/SETTLEMENTS
RTX30128
February 07, 2017
Palestinian demands that Israel remove settlements in which more than 400,000 Israelis now live among...
Efrat, Palestinian Territories
General view of houses of the Israeli settlement of Efrat, in the occupied West Bank
Palestinian demands that Israel remove settlements in which more than 400,000 Israelis now live among roughly 3 million Palestinians in the West Bank, with another 200,000 settlers in East Jerusalem.

Pictured: General view of houses of the Israeli settlement of Efrat, in the occupied West Bank February 7, 2017. REUTERS/Ammar Awad
PALESTINIANS-DAILYLIFE/
RTS2INHI
June 18, 2019
Arrangements to share scarce natural resources, such as water.

Pictured: A Palestinian man washes his...
Gaza, Palestinian Territories
Palestinian man washes his horse in the waters of the Mediterranean Sea as people swim on a hot day in...
Arrangements to share scarce natural resources, such as water.

Pictured: A Palestinian man washes his horse in the waters of the Mediterranean Sea as people swim on a hot day in the northern Gaza Strip June 18, 2019. REUTERS/Mohammed Salem
MIDEAST-CRISIS/SUMMIT
RTX6MPNL
February 14, 2019
WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE PLAN?

The 'Peace to Prosperity' workshop in Manama will take an "economy first"...
Warsaw, Poland
Middle East summit in Warsaw
WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE PLAN?

The 'Peace to Prosperity' workshop in Manama will take an "economy first" approach to a political and religious conflict.

This reflects either a refreshingly pragmatic approach, or the business roots of its New York architects, depending on whether you talk to supporters or critics.

It calls for a $50 billion investment fund to boost the Palestinian and neighboring Arab state economies, according to documents reviewed by Reuters.

Among the 179 proposed infrastructure and business projects is a $5 billion transportation corridor to connect the West Bank and Gaza.

More than half of the $50 billion would be spent in the Palestinian territories over 10 years.

The rest would be divided between neighboring Lebanon, Egypt - whose Sinai peninsula adjoins Gaza - and Jordan, the country which has absorbed more Palestinians than any other, and fears anything that might lead to their permanent settlement there.


REUTERS/Kacper Pempel
USA-MIDEAST/JORDAN
RTX6ZB3P
June 14, 2019
WHO WILL PAY?

The Trump administration hopes that others - principally wealthy Gulf states and private...
Amman, Jordan
Members of the Muslim Brotherhood take part in a sit-in against the Senior White House Advisor Jared...
WHO WILL PAY?

The Trump administration hopes that others - principally wealthy Gulf states and private investors - will foot much of the bill.

Pictured: Members of the Muslim Brotherhood take part in a sit-in against Jared Kushner's visit to Jordan, near the U.S. Embassy, in Amman, Jordan, May 28, 2019. REUTERS/Muhammad Hamed
PALESTINIANS-ISRAEL/
RTX124XX
July 30, 2013
The last peace talks collapsed in 2014, but hopes were low even then after two Palestinian uprisings...
Washington, UNITED STATES
Chief Palestinian negotiator Erekat, U.S. Secretary of State Kerry and Israel's Justice Minister Livni...
The last peace talks collapsed in 2014, but hopes were low even then after two Palestinian uprisings in the last three decades, Israeli settlement expansion and the rise to power of Hamas -- an armed Islamist movement that remains implacably opposed to Israel's existence.

Pictured: Chief Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat (L-R), U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Israel's Justice Minister Tzipi Livni shake hands at a news conference at the end of talks at the State Department in Washington, July 30, 2013. REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst
ISRAEL-PALESTINIANS/PLAN-LEADERS
RTS2JD9B
June 23, 2019
WHAT ARE THE ISRAELIS SAYING?

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said he would listen to the...
Jordan Valley, Palestinian Territories
US National Security Advisor John Bolton in Israel
WHAT ARE THE ISRAELIS SAYING?

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said he would listen to the U.S. plan, but restated his long-held position that his country must retain a presence in the Jordan Valley, the strategic and fertile easternmost strip of the Israeli-occupied West Bank that borders Jordan.

"We'll hear the American proposition, hear it fairly and with openness. And I cannot understand how the Palestinians, before they even heard the plan, reject it outright," Netanyahu said on Sunday.

"Under any peace agreement our position will be that Israel's presence should continue here, for Israel's security and for the security of all," he said. Palestinians say that the Jordan Valley, nearly 30 per cent of the West Bank, would be a vital part of their future state, as the breadbasket of the West Bank and its external border with Jordan.

Pictured: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu looks on during a military helicopter flight above the Jordan Valley in the West Bank June 23, 2019 Abir Sultan/Pool via REUTERS
ISRAEL-PALESTINIANS/PLAN-ABBAS
RTS2JCN8
June 23, 2019
WHAT ARE THE PALESTINIANS SAYING?

President Mahmoud Abbas's Palestinian Authority and Palestine Liberation...
Ramallah, Palestinian Territories
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas gestures as he speaks to the foreign media in Ramallah, in the Israel-occupied...
WHAT ARE THE PALESTINIANS SAYING?

President Mahmoud Abbas's Palestinian Authority and Palestine Liberation Organization have refused to deal with the Trump administration for 18 months, accusing it of bias toward Israel. They are boycotting Bahrain and on Sunday, Abbas said that solely economic solutions were a non-starter.

"Money is important. The economy is important. But politics are more important. The political solution is more important," he said.

"We welcome all those who wish to help us, whether it be in Manama or anywhere else. But for now, we reject the deal of the century."

"What have the Americans proposed that is original? 50 or 60 billion dollars? We are used to this kind of nonsense. Let's not lie to each other. We'll see if anyone lives long enough to see that $50 billion or $60 billion come."

Ismail Rudwan, a spokesman for Hamas, said: "Palestine isn't for sale".

Pictured: Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas gestures as he speaks to the foreign media in Ramallah, in the Israel-occupied West Bank June 23, 2019. REUTERS/Mohamad Torokman
RELIGION-RAMADAN/ISRAEL-PALESTINIANS
RTX6V5HG
May 10, 2019
WHAT ARE OTHERS SAYING?

Nathan Thrall, Director of the Israel/Palestine Project, International Crisis...
Ramallah, Palestinian Territories
Palestinian uses a ladder to climb over a section of the Israeli barrier in the Israeli-occupied West...
WHAT ARE OTHERS SAYING?

Nathan Thrall, Director of the Israel/Palestine Project, International Crisis Group: "It doesn't stand a chance because the Palestinians won't even attend, and the Arab states have very limited room for maneuver in terms of how much they can betray the Palestinians on the core issues. They are betraying the Palestinians just in the very fact of their growing closeness to Israel, but to betray the Palestinians on something like the Arab position on Jerusalem or on refugees, that is something that, at least in 2019, is still unthinkable."

Pictured: A Palestinian uses a ladder to climb over a section of the Israeli barrier as he tries to make his way to attend Friday prayers during Ramadan in Jerusalem's Al-Aqsa mosque, near Ramallah in the Israeli-occupied West Bank May 10, 2019. REUTERS/Mohamad Torokman
ISRAEL-PALESTINIANS/SETTLEMENTS
RTX2TLPD
November 14, 2016
Abdulrahman al-Rashed, former general manager of Al Arabiya TV: "Many will say 'It's NOT the economy,...
Tel Aviv, Israel
A man cycles past a sign bearing the name of U.S. President-elect Republican Donald Trump in Tel Aviv,...
Abdulrahman al-Rashed, former general manager of Al Arabiya TV: "Many will say 'It's NOT the economy, stupid,' those against will demand a political solution based on establishing a Palestinian state. However, I believe economy is important and we were never short of political solutions. Building roads and bridges will bridge political differences."

Pictured: A man cycles past signs bearing the name of U.S. President-elect Republican Donald Trump in Tel Aviv, Israel November 14, 2016. REUTERS/Baz Ratner
ISRAEL-PALESTINIANS/
RTX2PI4J
October 19, 2016
Aaron David Miller, former Middle East negotiator for U.S. Republican and Democratic administrations:...
Jericho, Palestinian Territories
Demonstrators including Israeli and Palestinian activists take part in a demonstration in support of...
Aaron David Miller, former Middle East negotiator for U.S. Republican and Democratic administrations: "I can't tell you how many times while working on the Arab-Israeli negotiations over the course of a 20-year period, I've had Middle East proposals for Middle East 'Marshall plans' cross my desk. The reality is that both in sequence and in scope it's very problematic to use economic incentives - development, trade, assistance, even institution-building, without first obviously addressing the core political needs and requirements of peoples in conflict."

Pictured: Demonstrators including Israeli and Palestinian activists take part in a demonstration in support of peace near the West Bank city of Jericho October 19, 2016. REUTERS/Mohamad Torokman
USA-ISRAEL/
RTS2EVD1
March 25, 2019
Jared Kushner, White House senior adviser: "There'll be praise from some places, there'll be criticism...
Washington, UNITED STATES
U.S. President Trump meets with Israel's Prime Minister Netanyahu at the White House in Washington
Jared Kushner, White House senior adviser: "There'll be praise from some places, there'll be criticism from some places, hopefully it will be constructive. I always prefer having people share what they're for as opposed to what they're against and if people have constructive criticism, we'll welcome it and we'll try and make modifications but the hope is that we can bring all of the different people together from Europe, from Asia, from the Middle East, and agree this would be a good path forward if we're able to resolve the political issues."

REUTERS/Carlos Barria
ISRAEL-USA/EMBASSY
RTS1RDC8
May 14, 2018
IS NOW A GOOD TIME?

The timing is certainly complicated.

Official U.S.- Israeli relations are at a...
Jerusalem, Israel
Senior White House Adviser Ivanka Trump and U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin stand next to the...
IS NOW A GOOD TIME?

The timing is certainly complicated.

Official U.S.- Israeli relations are at a zenith, with Trump and Netanyahu the closest of allies.

But U.S.-Palestinian relations are close to an all-time nadir after Trump's 2017 decisions to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and move the U.S. Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

Abbas has said Washington could no longer be regarded as an honest broker in any peace talks with Israel.

The Middle East is preoccupied by events in the Gulf, amid fears that tensions between the U.S. and its Sunni Arab allies on one side and Shi'ite Iran on the other could escalate into hostilities likely to threaten oil revenues and regional stability.

And both Trump and Netanyahu face election campaigns -- Trump for re-election, and Netanyahu because he failed to put together a governing coalition in an election in April.

Pictured: Senior White House Adviser Ivanka Trump and U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin stand next to a plaque at the new U.S. embassy during the dedication ceremony in Jerusalem, May 14, 2018. REUTERS/Ronen Zvulun
ISRAEL-PALESTINIANS/PLAN-BAHRAIN
RTS2JH15
June 24, 2019
WHY BAHRAIN?

With Israel, the West Bank and Gaza out of the question for political and security reasons,...
Manama, Bahrain
Workers place a banner at the pavilion where the U.S. hosted event "Peace to Prosperity" takes place...
WHY BAHRAIN?

With Israel, the West Bank and Gaza out of the question for political and security reasons, the Trump administration needed a safe space somewhere in the region.

Bahrain is a U.S. ally, can host a major event, and is home to the U.S. Navy's Fifth Fleet.

The Four Seasons hotel, where the two-day event will be held lies on an island connected to the mainland by only one bridge. This allows the authorities to control security in an island state that has seen political unrest for years.

Pictured: Workers place a banner at the pavilion where the U.S. hosted event "Peace to Prosperity" takes place outside Four Seasons Hotel in Manama, Bahrain June 24, 2019. REUTERS/Matt Spetalnick
USA-TRUMP/SAUDI
RTX36UOH
May 21, 2017
WHEN WILL THE POLITICAL PLAN BE REVEALED?

Nobody knows for sure, and the Trump team hasn't committed...
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
U.S. President Donald Trump accompanied by first lady Melania Trump, his daughter Ivanka Trump and her...
WHEN WILL THE POLITICAL PLAN BE REVEALED?

Nobody knows for sure, and the Trump team hasn't committed to a date.

Greenblatt said it could be delayed until November because Israel is headed for an election in September -- its second in six months.

Kushner told Reuters: "Our thought was that it was better to put the economic plan first. It's less controversial. Let's let people study it, give feedback."

While its precise outlines have yet to be revealed, Palestinian and Arab sources who have been briefed on the draft political plan, fear that it seeks to bribe Palestinians into accepting Israeli occupation of the West Bank, a prelude to Israel annexing about half the territory and leaving them with scattered cantons.

REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst
USA-TRADE/CHINA
RTS1PNK0
May 03, 2018
WHO IS GOING TO BAHRAIN?

U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin will be the highest-ranking member of...
Beijing, China
U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin waves to the media as he and the U.S. delegation for trade talks...
WHO IS GOING TO BAHRAIN?

U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin will be the highest-ranking member of the American delegation, which will also include Kushner and Greenblatt.

REUTERS/Jason Lee
ISRAEL-JORDAN/LAND
RTX6G0WQ
October 22, 2018
Jordan and Egypt both said they will attend, but not at a senior level. Each is sending a deputy finance...
NAHARAYIM, Israel
An Israeli soldier patrols the border area between Israel and Jordan at Naharayim, as seen from the Israeli...
Jordan and Egypt both said they will attend, but not at a senior level. Each is sending a deputy finance minister. As the only Arab states to have reached peace agreements with Israel, it was important for the Americans to have them present.

Pictured: An Israeli soldier patrols the border area between Israel and Jordan at Naharayim, as seen from the Israeli side October 22, 2018. REUTERS/ Ronen Zvulun
RUSSIA-ECONOMY/FORUM-PUTIN
RTS20UVU
September 11, 2018
A senior Trump administration official said that China had still not confirmed whether it would send...
Vladivostok, Russia
Russian Direct Investment Fund CEO Dmitriev waits before a meeting of Russian President Putin with representatives...
A senior Trump administration official said that China had still not confirmed whether it would send a representative, but that Kirill Dmitriev (pictured), the head of Russia's sovereign wealth fund was planning to attend.

However the Foreign Ministry in Moscow has been critical of the workshop, issuing a statement last month that it was "unacceptable to divert the Middle East peace process from the international legal framework."

Valery Sharifulin/TASS Host Photo Agency/Pool via REUTERS
IMF-G20/
RTS13DGP
April 21, 2017
The International Monetary Fund, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the World Bank...
Washington, UNITED STATES
International Monetary Fund logo is seen
The International Monetary Fund, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the World Bank said they planned to take part.

REUTERS/Yuri Gripas
SAUDI-POLITICS/DISSIDENT
RTX6FPZH
October 19, 2018
Most Gulf states have not confirmed who they are sending. The United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia plan...
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
U.S. President Trump meets with Saudi Arabia's Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in Riyadh
Most Gulf states have not confirmed who they are sending. The United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia plan to attend, but assured the Palestinians they would not endorse a plan that fails to meet their main demands.

REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst
BLOOMBERG-FORUM/
RTX3H7RZ
September 20, 2017
The Saudi team will include economy minister Mohammed al-Tuwaijri and sovereign wealth fund Public Investment...
New York, UNITED STATES
Saudi Arabia's Public Investment Fund managing director Yasir al-Rumayyan speaks at the Bloomberg Global...
The Saudi team will include economy minister Mohammed al-Tuwaijri and sovereign wealth fund Public Investment Fund (PIF) chairman Yasir al-Rumayyan (pictured). The PIF has not been asked to commit any money, according to a source familiar with the plan.


REUTERS/Brendan McDermid
KUWAIT
RTXCVHQ
March 17, 2009
Kuwaiti media have said that Kuwait would be represented on a technical, and not political level, most...
Kuwait City, Kuwait
A Kuwaiti protestor holds a Kuwaiti flag in front of the Parliament builiding in Kuwait City
Kuwaiti media have said that Kuwait would be represented on a technical, and not political level, most likely a finance ministry official.

REUTERS/Stephanie McGehee
WESTERNSAHARA-TALKS/
RTS295VH
December 06, 2018
U.S. officials said Morocco will attend, but it has not confirmed. Foreign minister Nasser Bourita (pictured)...
Geneva, Switzerland
Moroccan Foreign Minister Bourita attends a news conference after a roundtable on Western Sahara at the...
U.S. officials said Morocco will attend, but it has not confirmed. Foreign minister Nasser Bourita (pictured) said Morocco remains attached to a two-state solution that guarantees the setting up of an independent Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital.

REUTERS/Denis Balibouse
YEMEN-SECURITY/
RTX2PGXV
October 19, 2016
The United Nations is sending Jamie McGoldrick (pictured), the U.N. humanitarian coordinator in the Gaza...
Sanaa, Yemen
Jamie McGoldrick, United Nations Resident Coordinator for Yemen, speaks during a news conference at the...
The United Nations is sending Jamie McGoldrick (pictured), the U.N. humanitarian coordinator in the Gaza Strip, West Bank and East Jerusalem. But on the same day that Bahrain opens, the U.N. agency UNRWA, which deals with Palestinian refugees, holds its annual pledging conference in New York. The U.S. has cut all funding to UNRWA.

REUTERS/Mohamed al-Sayaghi
ISRAEL-PALESTINIANS/
RTS1ZG0A
August 30, 2018
WHO ISN'T GOING?

Palestinian political leaders have said they will stay away. Many Palestinian business...
Ramallah, Palestinian Territories
Demonstrator holds a Palestinian flag during a protest against Jewish settlements in the village of Ras...
WHO ISN'T GOING?

Palestinian political leaders have said they will stay away. Many Palestinian business leaders have also said they will boycott.

One exception is Ashraf Jabari, from Hebron, who has close ties to Israeli settler groups. A U.S. official told Reuters that at least 15 Palestinians were expected to attend.

Lebanon and Iraq are not attending.

REUTERS/Mohamad Torokman
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